Our focus at the Iowa Policy Project frequently emphasizes the impact of public policy on working families.
But the demand of meeting a household budget is faced by more than parents, whether in single- or married-couple families. Single workers without children also need to get by.
So, on Labor Day weekend, let’s make sure the spotlight hits those folks as well. Here are three areas:
• the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC);
• the Cost of Living in Iowa; and
• the minimum wage.
A new report from the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities (CBPP) focuses on single working people who do not raise children and thus do not benefit from the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC). Childless workers under age 25 are ineligible for that benefit, notes CBPP’s Chuck Marr, who states:
On Labor Day, many of these low-wage workers will be serving meals in restaurants, ringing up back-to-school supplies at the mall, or driving a truck down the highway. They deserve a decent day’s pay for a hard day’s work, but many of their paychecks are too small to make ends meet. An expanded EITC that targets this group would do more to help deliver a decent day’s pay.
There are bipartisan proposals on the table in Washington to extend the EITC to these workers, 7.5 million of whom are now “taxed into poverty,” Marr notes. The table below shows the Iowa impacts of these proposals.
|Iowa||Workers helped under Obama, Ryan plans||Workers helped under Brown, Neal plans|
|Waiters and waitresses||5,000||5,000|
|Custodians and building cleaners||4,000||4,000|
|Laborers and freight, stock, and material movers||4,000||4,000|
|Nursing, psychiatric, and home health aides||3,000||4,000|
|Maids and housekeeping cleaners||3,000||3,000|
|Stock clerks and order fillers||2,000||3,000|
|Child care workers||2,000||2,000|
|Food preparation workers||2,000||2,000|
|Grounds maintenance workers||2,000||2,000|
|Personal and home care aides||2,000||2,000|
Cost of Living in Iowa
As IPP’s Peter Fisher shows in Part 2 of our “Cost of Living in Iowa” report for 2016, more than a quarter of working single persons statewide (27.5 percent) do not make enough at work to meet a basic-needs household budget. In fact, for those workers who fall short, they fall more than $10,000 short, on average. It is worth noting that this basic needs gap is even more severe for single parents, who fall almost $23,000 short, on average.
One of the efforts being used to stop or hold down local minimum wage increases in Iowa is the issue of “cliff effects” in work support programs — particularly Child Care Assistance — in which benefits abruptly drop for a worker if he/she gets slightly higher pay.
This is a very real issue for some workers, but not for the vast majority of workers who would benefit from a minimum wage increase statewide to $12 (phased in over five years), because they do not have children.
It makes no sense to block a wage increase for the three-fourths or more of workers who are not affected by the child care issue.
Rather, Iowa could raise the minimum wage and, separately, improve access to its Child Care Assistance program so that the cliff effects are eased or erased. There are ways to do so. See Fisher’s report with Lily French from 2014, Reducing Cliff Effects in Iowa Child Care Assistance.