The headline on my doorstep today says, “Legislature continues trend of passing fewer bills.” That lead story in the Cedar Rapids Gazette notes that for the fourth straight year, a divided Iowa Legislature has passed fewer than 150 pieces of legislation.
Ah, numbers. Can’t live with ’em. Can’t live without ’em. But in this case, they don’t make a lot of difference.
What matters are the words and the policies embodied in those 150 or fewer bills. It’s about quality, not quantity.
What have those bills included in recent years? Here are some key points:
- A commercial property tax overhaul that is tainted by big benefits to huge out-of-state retailers that need no help and pay too little in Iowa tax as it is.
- An expanded Earned Income Tax Credit that improves tax fairness for low- and moderate-income working families across Iowa.
- Funding to assure a tuition freeze remains for a second year in regents institutions.
- A small boost in child care assistance for working students, making them eligible for the benefit so they can get skills for better paying jobs to sustain their families.
What have those bills not included in recent years? Here are some noteworthy omissions:
- No overhaul of the personal income-tax system to better balance tax responsibilities for all taxpayers regardless of income, or to assure revenues are kept adequate to meet costs of critical services.
- No greater accountability on spending that is done through the corporate tax code, outside the budget process.
- No increase in the minimum wage, stagnant at $7.25 for over six years now.
- No broad expansion of child care access for struggling families who don’t make enough to cover costs, but make too much to receive assistance.
- No move to battle wage theft, which we have estimated to be a $600 million annual problem in Iowa’s economy — not including the $60 million lost in uncollected taxes and unemployment insurance.
- No long-term answers for funding of education at all levels, violating the promise of law for K-12 schools, and leaving a legacy of debt for many college students and their families.
Those are not exhaustive lists, but a statement of priorities established by agreement, stalemate or inertia. We covered some of these points in our end of session statement. Some will like the overall product of recent years, some will not. Few will ask how many bills were passed.
At least one theme weaved by this record cannot be disputed: Iowa is on record that we will not ask the wealthy and well-connected to do more. We pretend more often than not that we can meet our obligations to the citizens of Iowa without investing in the public services they require, that if we just keep cutting taxes all will be well. Every now and then we’ll say something about opportunity for all and mean it, but we’re not ready to make that a long-term commitment.
Sometimes, not passing something says as much about legislative priorities as passing it.